New research examining COVID-19 and human sperm
last month in JAMA analyzed semen samples of 38 COVID-19 patients and found the presence of the virus in 15% of them.
According to researcher Dr. John Aitken, COVID-19’s pathological impact on those tested is underscored by data that shows active cases dramatically reduce testosterone to luteinizing hormones. Reduction in testosterone has a significant impact on the body’s responsiveness to Leydig cells, which stimulate the secretion of sex steroids.
Aitken said the finding is to be expected because the blood-testis
barriers offer little defense against viral invasion. Pathogenic viruses
such as HIV, hepatitis, mumps and HPV have been linked to testes damage
that causes host infertility.
It's not surprising that the virus was found in semen samples, since it's also been found in stool and other body fluids, said Dr. Ryan Berglund, a urologist with the Cleveland Clinic's Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute.Infectious viruses commonly are found in semen, with Zika being one recent notable example. Chinese researchers noted that 27 different viruses have been detected in human semen. Dr. Amesh Adalja, a senior scholar with the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in Baltimore, said "the fact that the novel coronavirus' genetic material is found in the semen of male patients is an important finding that will need follow-up study." THURSDAY, May 7, 2020
Agreeing with the need for further research is Dr. Greg Poland, director of the Vaccine Research Group at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.
"To me, it raises a warning, and now we have to attend to that warning and do the research," Poland said.
In 2016 New Jersey federal district judge Kevin McNulty cited Compagnie Francaise, among other cases, in holding that existing case law on quarantines was sufficient to sustain state officials' defense of qualified immunity in a suit against them brought by Kaci Hickox, a nurse quarantined for 80 hours after she showed a fever upon her return to Newark International Airport from Sierra Leone, where she had been treating victims of the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Judge Mcnulty wrote in his opinion; "I do not find that prior quarantine case law establishes any unconstitutionality" in how she was dealt with.
US Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan wrote in the early 1900's about the police power of states to regulate for the protection of public health: “The good and welfare of the Commonwealth of which the legislature is primarily the judge, is the basis on which the police power rests in Massachusetts,” Harlan said “upon the principle of self-defense, of paramount necessity, a community has the right to protect itself against an epidemic of disease which threatens the safety of its members.” The case involved required smallpox vaccinations
The 03/16 /20 issue of the New York TImes has a diagram of the virus' outer ring of oily lipid molecules, which is broken apart by soap.
As of September 16, 2020 the following conditions existed in some patients who passed away from the virus according to the NYS Dept. of Health.
Hypertension 13822 Diabetes 9115 Alzheimer's 3524 Hyperlipidemia 5399
https://covid19tracker.health.... to follow NY State statistics.