US Supreme Court  Justice John Marshall Harlan wrote in the early 1900's about the police power of states to regulate for the protection of public health: “The good and welfare of the Commonwealth  of which the legislature is primarily the judge, is the basis on which the police power rests in Massachusetts,” Harlan said “upon the principle of self-defense, of paramount necessity,  a community has the right to protect itself against an epidemic of disease which threatens the safety of its members.”  The case involved required smallpox vaccinations


 Covid-19--Fatality Data Worksheet  from the NYS Dept. of Health as reported- by all NY counties  is  41450 on 04/16

up from 39870 deaths as of  03/19/2021  : UP FROM 28002  reported on December 14;

38030 of NY resident covid deaths had a comorbidity  but the largest group of 22,175 of patients had hypertension  

Dementia - 5729 residents had this as a comorbidity         Hyperlipidemia was listed  on 8933 death certificates  as a comorbidity                  

    Data is as of 04/16/2021   Ages 0-9 =14 up 1       Ages 10-19= 12   no change        Ages  20-29 =140     Ages 30-39 =463 

                                                     Ages 40-49= 1197 up from 994 covid -19 deaths on 01/21 

                                                       Ages 50-59 total covid 19 deaths 3397 up from 2971 on Jan 21    

                                             Ages 60-69= 7418  total deaths  as of 04/16  up from 6026 on 01/21/21 

                     Ages 70-79= 10770 cumulative  deaths on 04/16/21 an increase of deaths from 8685 covid 19 deaths on 1/21/21
                                 Ages 80-89 =11329 deaths on 04/16  increased from 9978 covid deaths as of 02/08/21       
                                                                  Ages 90+ = 6701 total covid deaths as of  04/16/21                        

 The 03/16 /20 issue of  the  New York TImes has a diagram of the virus' outer ring of oily lipid molecules, which is broken apart by soap.  In 2016 New Jersey federal district judge Kevin McNulty cited Compagnie Francaise, among other cases, in holding that existing case law on quarantines was sufficient to sustain state officials' defense of qualified immunity in a suit against them brought by Kaci Hickox, a nurse quarantined for 80 hours after she showed a fever upon her return to Newark International Airport from Sierra Leone, where she had been treating victims of the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Judge Mcnulty  wrote in his opinion; "I do not find that prior quarantine case law establishes any unconstitutionality" in how she was dealt with.