US Supreme Court  Justice John Marshall Harlan wrote in the early 1900's about the police power of states to regulate for the protection of public health: “The good and welfare of the Commonwealth  of which the legislature is primarily the judge, is the basis on which the police power rests in Massachusetts,” Harlan said “upon the principle of self-defense, of paramount necessity,  a community has the right to protect itself against an epidemic of disease which threatens the safety of its members.”  The case involved required smallpox vaccinations


 Covid-19--Fatality Data Worksheet  from the NYS Dept. of Health as reported- by all NY counties

36481 deaths as of 02/08/21 :33763 on 1/21; UP FROM 28002  reported on December 14; and 25947 reported on November 7, 

33411 of NY resident covid deaths had a comorbidity  but the largest group of 19320 of patients had hypertension  

Dementia - 5281 residents had this as a comorbidity      Hyperlipidemia was listed  on 7689 death certificates  as a comorbidity                  

     Ages      0-9 =11  up 1       Ages 10-19= 12   up 1         Ages  20-29 =121 up 5           Ages 30-39 =403  on 02/08/21 

      Ages 40-49= 1048 up from 994 covid -19 deaths on 01/21       Ages 50-59 total covid 19 deaths 2971                                                                                                                            Ages 60-69= 6456 on 02/08/21  up from 6026 on 01/21/21

               Ages 70-79=  9978 cumulative  deaths on 02/08/21 an increase of  1293 deaths from 8685 covid 19 deaths on 1/21/21;  
  Ages 80-89 =9978 covid deaths as of 02/08/21 or 794 new deaths since 01/21/21 when this age group showed  9184 covid-19 deaths       
                         Ages 90+ = 6039  total covid deaths as of  02/08/21 up from 3595 as of 12/11 /20  or 2444 additional deaths in 2 months                             

 The 03/16 /20 issue of  the  New York TImes has a diagram of the virus' outer ring of oily lipid molecules, which is broken apart by soap.  In 2016 New Jersey federal district judge Kevin McNulty cited Compagnie Francaise, among other cases, in holding that existing case law on quarantines was sufficient to sustain state officials' defense of qualified immunity in a suit against them brought by Kaci Hickox, a nurse quarantined for 80 hours after she showed a fever upon her return to Newark International Airport from Sierra Leone, where she had been treating victims of the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Judge Mcnulty  wrote in his opinion; "I do not find that prior quarantine case law establishes any unconstitutionality" in how she was dealt with.